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ȣ, ȫ. Ѩ ۡӹ . Ƿȸ. 1996;1(1):13-64
Woo Ho Kim, Won Sik Hong. A Documentational Study on the Development of Chi-Kung-Hak. J. of Korean Academy of Medical Gi-Gong. 1996;1(1):13-64


A Documentational Study on the Development of Chi-Kung-Hak
Kin Woo Ho, Hong Won Sik

Dep. of Classics & Medical History, College of Oriental Medicine, Kyung Hee University
Today, many people are more interested
Today, many people are more interested in preventing the disease than curing it, Chi-Kung(Ѩ) is the way of Life-Cultivation() peculiar th the orient, it is reported in china that Chi-Kung has an excellent curative value not only in curing the disease but also in preventing it. But the full-scale study of Chi-Kung is not be made up to now in Korea, so I studied the developmental history of chinese Chi-Kung through the oriental medical books. From this study, I reached the following conclusions ;
1. Chi-Kung is naturally derived from the self-preservation instinct to adapt oneself to circumstances of the nature, but in the investigation from the documentational records, it is originated in the treatment method of the Sam-Huang-O-Jae(߲) period th cure the abnormal circulation of the vital force and blood caused by damp().
2. As the principle and the method of the Life-Cultivation of the Chun-Chu-Jean-Kook() period were recorded in Huang-Jae-Nae-Gyung(Ү) detailly and the remedy examples by ancient Chi-Kung such as Tao-Yin(), Hang-Chi(Ѩ) were presented, we considered that theoretical basis of the development of Life-Cultivation and Chi-Kung study was furnished in that period.
3. A famous doctor, Hwa-Ta(佗) lived in Han dynasty, researched the theory and practice of Tao-Yin transmitted from the former generation, as that result, he formed d kind of medical, gymnastics what is called O-Keum-Hi(). It is considered that 'O-Keum-Hi' is a Tao-Yin method developed more practically and systematically than the Tao-Yin appeared in the 'Jang-Ja'() or 'Hoy-Nam-Ja'()
4. In Wui-Jin-Nambook-Jo() period, the contents of Chi-Kung were more abundant under the influence of Buddhism() and Taoism(Գ), Galhong(), the author of 'Po-Bak-Ja'() arranged the ancient Chi-Kung method systematically first of all, Tao-Goeng-Gyung(Զ), the author of 'Yang-Seoun-Yeun-Myung-Rok'(٤) recorded the 'Yook-Ja-Geul'() first time.
5. There is a new development of Chi-Kung therapy in Soo-Tang-Odae() periods, especially So-Won-Bang(۰), the author of 'Jey-Byung-Won-Hwu-Ron'(ܻ) collected almost all of the Chi-Kung method, for curing the disease formed before Soo() period. From that fact, we supposed that Chi-Kung was utilized more widely in curing the disease.
6. 'So-Ju-Cheon-Hwa-Hu-Peob'()was adopted as the best orthodox approach under the influence of Nae-Tan-Taoist(ԳҮӡ) in Song-Keum-Won() periods, especially in the Song dynasty, 'Pal-Dan-Geum'(ӫ) was appeared and assignment of six-Chi(Ѩ) for bowel and viscera in the 'Yook-Ja-Geul'() was decided firmly, that is to say Lung-Si(-呬), Heart-Kha(-ʧ), Spleen-Hoa(ޡ-), Liver-Hoe(-), Kidney-chui(-), Three-Burner-shi(߲-嘻).
7. In Myung-Cheong(٥) periods, the general practitioner applied the principle of 'Byun-Jeng-Ron-Chi'(ܩ) to the Chi-Kung field, and after Myeong dynasty the style of doing 'Yook-Ja-Gyel'() was developed to the moving style.
8. Today, in china, the study on the Chi-Kung is being progressed constantly under the positive assistance of government, Chi-Kung-Hak(Ѩ) has taking its place as a branch of study step by step.
It is considered that the establishment of Chi-Kung-Hak Classroom(Ѩ) and Medical Chi-Kung Center(Ѩ) for special and systematic research are needed, at the same time the settlement of institutional system for training the Chi-Kung technician(Ѩ) is also needed.



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1. (B.C. 221Ҵ )
2. Ѣ(BC. 221~AD. 220)
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4. Ѣ(589~979Ҵ)
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6. ٥Ѣ(1368~ 1840)
7. (1840~1980)



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